Golden Temple India      Sri Harmandir Sahib
Darbar Sahib Amritsar, Swaran Mandir



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Historical Gurdwaras in Amritsar


Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai Sahib in The Golden Temple Complex Amritsar

gurdwara baba atal rai
Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai
baba atal rai
Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai

GURDWARA BABA ATAL RAI: The ninth story building standing to the south of Harmandir Sahib on the far end of road dividing S.G.P.C. complex, Sarai and Harmandir Sahib complex, is in the memory of Baba Atal Rai, a son of sixth Guru Har Gobind Sahib ji.

Atal Rai, at the age of nine, revived one of his close friend, to life after his sudden death. Guru Hargobind considered his son’s act against the Sikh tradition and rebuked him for performing a miracle. It is said that Atal Rai told his father that he would lay down his own life for breaking the law of nature by reviving his friend from the dead. So he went into a meditative trance and soon breathed his last.

baba atal rai
Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai
Baba Atal Rai was born in Samvat 1676 at Amritsar to Guru Hargobind Sahib, the sixth Sikh Guru and Mata Mahadevi, daughter of Bhai Daya Ram Marwah of Mandeala. From early age he was intelligent, lively and a deeply religious boy. He was called 'Baba' because he carried a wise head over his young shoulders. (Here Baba means, wise old man). He used to play every evening with his age-mates and tell them many wise things. Whatever he said, even in jest, had some deep humane meaning. All his playmates loved and obeyed him. Guru Hargobind Sahib was specially fond of him. He used to take him in his lap, cuddle him and say, “God has given you much power. Don’t make a show of it. If you have to use it, use it with caution and wisdom. Don’t waste it away on little things” Baba Atal Rai used to say in reply, "O True King, all the power that I possess I have obtained from you. Your storehouse can never be empty. Therefore, I may use it to my heart’s content. It will never be used up."

paintings inside golden temple and gurdwara baba atal rai
Paintings inside Gurdwara Baba Atal Rai
One of Baba Atal’s playmates was Mohan, who was about the same age as Baba Atal. One day they played on until the night fell. At the end of the game, it was Baba Atal’s turn to play with the bat and Mohan’s to throw and pick up the ball. It was mutually agreed that Baba Atal would have his turn the next morning, and they returned home. That night, Mohan got up from his bed to answer a call of nature. It was pitch dark. As fate would have it, he stumbled on a cobra and was bitten by it. He screamed in agony. His cries awoke his parents. They rushed to him and found him fainting. They sent for a hakim (homeopathic doctor), but the cobra’s poison had done its work. And thus Baba Atal’s boon companion died of snake-bite.